Issues of the cities in the movie “Urbanized”
Negative effects of Grand Scheming, building cities which don’t care about humans. Example of New York City.
First major issue I watched in the movie and would like to point out is the city planning priority and how it can affect the city’s outcome. As stated in the movie priority must be given to the people, making distances viable to be walked on feet rather than cars, since they can create quite a disastrous outcome in terms of both traffic and effectiveness of the city’s movements, thus city’s denizens happiness of leaving in city. This point was given through the example of New York City as well as Brasilia, and how it was planned not as seen from the ground level but rather as seen from far above, which lead into the currently problematic form the cities has taken.
Focusing in New York, we saw the effects of the ambitious plans of Robert Moses on creating a huge city, with enormous highways and Grand Bridges that connected great distances, unable to be walked on foot. Although he is the one responsible for a big part of the growth in New York after the Great Depression with the massive construction of expressways and while he is considered even today, a model to aspire for young engineers and architects, his fall came from the same reason that made him successful at first place, which was the huge investments and grand plans. Through activists like Jane Jacobs, who was a freelance writer that wrote a book called “Death and Life of Great American Cities” which played a big role on Moses’s downfall, he met quite an opposition on creating the Mid-Manhattan Expressway, which required the destruction of many local areas that were working already as communities, leading their denizens to protest against the plan and eventually cancel it. Today, he is considered an important figure in the current city plan, although he is also referred negatively by people living in the suburbs he designed ( like Long Island ) since the distances they have to cover to get to the center requires way too much time.
Easier Transportation inside the city / The Transmilenio project in Bogota, Colombia
Second major issue I noticed through the movie is the traffic problem, and what’s the best way to help people move inside cities. A great example to watch the right ways of transportation is the Transmilenio which is a bus transportation system in Bogota, capital city of Colombia. The Transmilenio project started as a cheaper and more city friendly way to replace the shortage of a metro railway system that Bogota had, while also to average the same usage a metro would have. For its construction, an extra road line was created that would be used only by the project’s buses and for that reason this line is secluded from the rest road through a fence or a concrete obstacle. The entrance to the buses is similar to most metro systems. You enter a closed bus station, where you pay your ticket in the station entrance through smart card, and wait inside for the bust to arrive. Because of the secluded roads, the Transmilenio buses arrive without delays on their destination, so it is a safe and fast way of transportation inside the city. In order to promote more activities, links have been made in Transmilenio stations, where someone can come from a bicycle road, and leave his bicycle there, in a try to support healthier kinds of transportation inside the city. Finally, it’s worthy to say that in every system there will always be problems to faced, but the thing is the achieved result to be next to what people were aiming for to begin with. With the Transmilenio project, people of Colombia got another way to move inside the city but more importantly, got a way to standardize their time spent on transportation. That gives them the belief that city is caring for them and because of that they are going to also care for the city.